Why do the sun and moon seem like the same size?

At this particular moment in Earth’s history – although the sun’s diameter is about 400 times larger than that of the moon – the sun is also about 400 times farther away. So the sun and moon appear nearly the same size as seen from Earth. And that’s why we on Earth can sometimes witness that most amazing of spectacles, a total eclipse of the sun.

 

No one knows the odds, because we didn’t have sufficient star-exoplanet-exomoon triplets to do reliable statistics on. Astronomers have discovered 893 planets in distant solar systems so far (as of June 21, 2013), but we don’t know much about their moons.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: earthsky.org